Breast Cancer Symptoms
Breast Cancer Symptoms
Since the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and cancer-causing substances negatively affects health, breast cancer symptoms have become a common disease today.
Breast cancer is treated at an early stage to ensure a better and faster recovery. Although late awareness of the disease negatively affects the process, treatment is always maintained at a high level. A cancer cell that cannot be detected at an early stage grows in breast tissue and turns into a tumor. It is also transmitted to other organs in the lymph and blood tract.
Breast cancer symptoms;
-Breast growth and disorder in the form
- Nipple disfigurement,
- Nipple collapse and discoloration,
- Formation of wounds and redness on the nipple,
-Hand-felt swelling in the breast or armpit area,
-Red or pink discharge from the nipple,
-Eczema on the nipple, skin rash and skin peeling,
Breast Cancer and Its Causes
Breast cancer symptoms can be divided into 3 sub-categories such as individual causes,
environmental factors, and genetics. For example, people with a family history of breast cancer have a very high incidence of this disease. This disease is most common in women. The incidence in men is less than 1%. It is mostly seen in age groups of 50 and older. The incidence of the disease is low in age groups of 35 and under.
Among the symptoms of breast cancer, cancer caused by genetic causes appears more often in young women. Especially first-degree relatives (mother, father, brother, sister, child, daughter) with breast cancer persons-risk groups. Therefore, the presence of people in the family who have previously had this disease increases the risk of developing cancer before menopause. Genetic factors can mutate. People carrying BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 are known to have a high risk of cancer.
The first pregnancy age and the number of children are the major factor in contracting this disease. Because a person who gives birth at the age of 30 has breast cancer 2 times higher than people who give birth before the age of 20. At the same time, having children reduces the risk of breast cancer.
Women who have never given birth have a higher risk of breast cancer than people who have given birth. At the same time, having a live birth at an old age increases the risk of breast cancer.
Women exposed to estrogen have a high risk of developing breast cancer. The earlier a woman's first menstrual history and the later she enters menopause, the more likely she is to get cancer.
The presence of previously had biopsies is risky for breast cancer. Moderate epithelial hyperplasia detected in a breast biopsy increases the risk of cancer by 1.5-2 percent. It also increases atypical ductal or lobular hyperplasia by 3-5 times.
Sedentary life and obesity are a factor that increases the formation of breast cancer. Especially with gaining weight, consuming fat-containing products increases the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
The source of estrogen formed in postmenopausal women is quite high when androstenedione converts fatty tissues into estrogen.
Attention should be paid to the use of alcohol and cigarettes. Smoking weakens the immune system. In this case, it leads to the formation of many cancers and breast cancer is one of them.
Breast cancer is common in people who have undergone breast radiation due to different cancers in childhood.
Regular exercises and physical activities eliminate the risk of breast cancer.
Stress, sadness, and similar conditions are elements that weaken the immune system. In this case, the risk of breast cancer also increases.
Regular sleep, sleeping in a dark environment reduces the risk of breast cancer. So regular and adequate sleep is quite important.
Breast Cancer Treatment and Early Diagnosis
Turkey is among the developed countries in the field of medicine. Treatment is usually performed by surgery, hormone therapy, and radiation therapy. ‘Screening methods’ are described as early diagnosis of women without breast cancer.
Annual doctor's examination
Even though they do not suffer from breast cancer, women after 40 should see a doctor annually to increase the chance of an early diagnosis. At the same time, it is recommended that women who have had uterine or ovarian surgery be periodically examined by a doctor once a month if they have entered menopause. Self-examination should also be checked in front of the mirror, during the shower, and while lying on your back. In this way, it should be checked regularly every month.
Does Breast Cancer Cause Pain?
Breast cancer symptoms that appear in a person cause pain. But rarely, breast pain can be the only sign of cancer. Therefore, a woman with breast pain should be examined by a general surgeon and evaluated after examinations. It is examined by a doctor and examined in detail whether the underlying cause is related to cancer. But it also does not mean that every pain in the breast will be breast cancer. So, inspection is a must.
Breast Cancer Treatment and Manual Examination
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. It is possible for the person to self-examine regularly every month. Especially women who have reached the age of 30 need to self-examine. They must also undergo a doctor's examination once a year. A person needs to check her breast by lying on his back for self-examination. At the same time, it is quite easy for the person to check when showering or examine with his hand in front of the mirror. If you encounter a hard mass that comes into your hand during this examination, you should see a doctor.
The manual examination is a method known for many years and women who have arrived at the age of 30 should do it regularly every month. Especially people with a history of breast cancer in the family need to be more cautious. If there are symptoms of breast cancer, the treatment method determined by the doctor should be applied. Depending on the person's health situation, the period this treatment takes may vary.