Obesity Treatments, Types, Differences and Limits
Gastric Reduction Surgery
The beginning of the biggest disease that people experience today is obesity. Obesity plays a facilitating role in the occurrence of deadly chronic diseases that can occur in our bodies. Besides, the formation of psychological disorders in people who experience obesity problems since it causes a physically undesirable appearance is also among its natural consequences. As the first condition of a healthy life is to have an ideal weight.
Obesity, which causes a low quality of life daily such as sweating, rapid fatigue, skin problems, back and joint pain, shortness of breath. To get rid of obesity, which is the source of all these problems, and to achieve the ideal weight, stomach reduction surgery is applied as a permanent solution. It is a surgical practice that permanently treats the problem of obesity. Thanks to this operation, obese people give up to 100 pounds, ensuring that they achieve their ideal weight. Dozens of diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, joint problems that develop due to excess weight, can also disappear in people who reach the ideal weight.
Who is the suitable candidate?
People with obesity problems are first tried to be eliminated by applying treatment methods such as diet, exercise, and medication therapy. If these treatment methods do not give successful results, stomach reduction surgery is performed as a permanent solution. Thanks to this application, approximately 80% of the stomach is removed. With this operation, serious changes occur in the hormones that control blood sugar in the digestive system. In this way, fewer calories will be taken because weight loss occurs, and it becomes possible to get rid of obesity.
Because 80 percent of the stomach is removed with stomach reduction surgery, food consumption will be at lower levels and calorie intake will be lower naturally. Laparoscopic, which is a surgical application, the application is performed using special devices from small holes that are opened without cutting any place in the abdominal wall. Since there are no external scars and suture marks, the healing process occurs faster.
Types Of Gastric Reduction Surgery
3 different methods are used today for stomach reduction surgery, which is the biggest method of fighting obesity. These are performed in the form of gastric sleeve, gastric bypass, and stomach stapling. The first and most used method is gastric sleeve surgery, which is the permanent removal of approximately 80 percent of the stomach. No intervention is performed in the entrance and exit parts of the stomach. It is administered under general anesthesia. As a result of this practice, hunger in people decreases at serious levels.
Tube stomach surgery performed by General Surgery Specialists improves the quality of life of people. Gastric Sleeve is performed in periods ranging from 45 minutes to one and a half hours. Since the fundus part that secretes appetite hormone is removed with this surgery, the feeling of hunger decreases after the operation. This condition will cause a feeling of satiety in people.
Another gastric reduction surgery used today is gastric bypass. With this application, nutrient intake becomes more limited, while intestinal functions vary according to gastric sleeve surgery. In this method, a small pouch is formed from the stomach and this pouch is connected directly to the small intestine. After this operation, food items taken by people first come to this small stomach created, and then progress directly to the small intestine. Gastric bypass is performed in an open or closed way. In this operation, a small pocket-shaped stomach is created first, the remaining part of the stomach is separated from here and disabled, and in a later stage, the small intestines are shortened and connected directly to the small intestine, which is then cut, is reconnected to the next section. The stomach and small intestines that are cut in the gastric bypass method are not removed from the body. This application takes approximately 2 hours.
Another method used to treat obesity is stomach stapling. In this method, the adjustable silicone band is placed under the composition point of the stomach with the esophagus. with this application, a small stomach is created in the upper part of the stomach. A shape like an hourglass is created, which allows people to form a feeling of saturation faster.
In this method, they perform by inserting special devices through small holes created in the abdominal area. The first part of the stomach stapling, which consists of three parts, is wrapped around the stomach, providing locking. The connection tube and port are other parts of the stomach clamp.
Thanks to the tape located in the stomach clamp, the bandwidth can be adjusted by giving saltwater. With the stomach stapling, patients are discharged on the same day or the next day, the band can be adjusted to adjust the working width according to the weight condition, this process can be removed and adjusted to my comfort because it is easy to return.
Is There an Age Limit for Gastric Reduction Surgery?
The problem of obesity is one of the problems experienced by people of all ages today. If the treatment does not give results, a more permanent stomach reduction surgery is performed to ensure that the person reaches their ideal weight. This operation is generally applied to people between the ages of 18 and 65.
It is especially recommended for people with a body mass index above 40 kg/m2. People with a body mass index between 35 and 40 who have diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea are also suitable. People under the age of 18 and with the above-mentioned diseases are operated on after parental consent is obtained. Also, in people over 65 years of age, this operation is performed if the patient suitable for surgery.
Are Gastric Reduction Surgeries Dangerous?
Obesity, which is the biggest danger of the Modern era, is one of the health problems that need to be treated. The fact that it plays a leading role in triggering especially serious chronic diseases makes it even more dangerous. Stomach reduction surgery does not pose any risk if it is performed by specialist doctors within the framework of certain criteria. These operations should not be performed with aesthetic concerns in mind.
As with all operations, there are certain risks, but when performed to people who meet the criteria of the operation, this ratio decreases. Unhealthy and unbalanced diet, genetic factors are considered among the main causes of obesity. Gastric reduction surgery, which is the most effective and permanent method of combating obesity, contains some risks, albeit a small one. These are the risks associated with anesthesia, infection, blood clots, vascular obstruction, leaks, vomiting, etc. But almost all intra-abdominal surgeries have these risks. Besides, the experience and knowledge of the doctor performing the operation also affect the success of the operation.
Especially after surgery, the diet and layout recommended by the doctor should be followed strictly. Also, exercise programs should be based on a certain routine. After application, water consumption should be given importance, the protein-weighted diet should be preferred.